In 1878, the headquarters were transferred to Kohima — creating a city that remains an important center of administration, commerce, and culture for Nagaland. The skin color of the head and body is blackish-brown in both sexes, and the lower portion of the limbs are white or yellowish, the shank and forehead are creamy white or yellowish in color. Though our land at present is within the British territory, Government have always recognised our privacy rights in it, but if we are forced to enter the council the majority of whose number is sure to belong to other districts, we also have much fear the introduction of foreign laws and customs to supersede our own customary laws which we now enjoy. Rolling Mountains, enchanting valley, swift flowing streams and above all luxuriant forests and wild life which are generally of evergreen type give evidence of the precious gift of the bountiful nature bestowed upon the Nagaland state. The most populous and the most urbanized is Dimapur district, with seven times the inhabitants of Longleng, the least populous. The women, as a cultural practice, would encourage men to undertake head-hunting as a prerequisite to marriage. Nagaland Zoological Park, Rangapahar is one of the Model Zoological Parks in India. The main crops are rice, millet, maize, and pulses. This was not satisfactory to the tribes, however, and agitation with violence increased across the state – including attacks on army and government institutions, banks, as well as non-payment of taxes. The memorandum strongly protested against the grouping of Assam with Bengal and asserted that Naga Hills should be constitutionally included in an autonomous Assam, in a free India, with local autonomy, due safeguards and separate electorate for the Naga tribes. Hattaway, Paul. Nagaland Post is also the first newspaper in Nagaland to be published in multi-colour. Languages of Nagaland in 2011[57][58][59]. If there is any state in India which actually registered a decline in population then it is Nagaland. Stars, moon, and spirits: bright beings of the night in Sino-Tibetan, Gengo Kenkyu, 77(1), 45, Khubchandani, L. M. (1997), Bilingual education for indigenous people in India. Distant Christian majority chief secretary Temjen Toy tweeted that the state government has banned all commercial dog imports and trade. From 1935 to 1945, Nagas were merely asking for autonomy within Assam. Cease-fires were announced and negotiations continued, but this did little to stop the violence. Plantation crops such as premium coffee, cardamom, and tea are grown in hilly areas in small quantities with large growth potential. Winter often arrives early, with bitter cold and dry weather striking certain regions of the state. It headed the government with the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and Janata Dal (United) (JDU). [41] The state is also known as the "falcon capital of the world. Nagaland is a state located in the north-eastern part of India covering an area of 16,579 km2. [33], Over the 5-year period of 2009 to 2013, between 0 and 11 civilians died per year in Nagaland from rebellion related activity (or less than 1 death per 100,000 people), and between 3 and 55 militants deaths per year in inter-factional killings (or between 0 and 3 deaths per 100,000 people). Temperatures range from 21 to 40 °C (70 to 104 °F). 4. Elephants, tigers, leopards, bears, several kinds of monkeys, sambar deer, buffalo, wild oxen, and the occasional rhinoceros live in the lower hills. Nagaland Chief Secretary Temjen Toy had tweeted on July: “The State Government has decided to ban commercial import and trading of dogs and dog markets and also the sale of … The week-long festival unites Nagaland and people enjoy the colourful performances, crafts, sports, food fairs, games, and ceremonies. Desk:+91-3862-248 489, e-mail: npdesk@gmail.com Fax: +91-3862-248 500 Advt. The ancient history of the Nagas is unclear. Nagaland is also referred to as “Falcon capital of the world”. This species of woody plant blooms in late winters to early spring. [66][67] The census of 2011 recorded the state's Christian population at 1,739,651, making it one of the three Christian-majority states in India along with Meghalaya and Mizoram. 2. Launched on December 3,1990. Broad gauge lines run 12.84 kilometres (7.98 mi), National Highway roads 365.3 kilometres (227.0 mi), and state roads 1,094.5 kilometres (680.1 mi). After elections in January 1964, the first democratically elected Nagaland Legislative Assembly was constituted on 11 February 1964. Nagaland's capital city is Kohima and its largest city is Dimapur. These new Christian churches differ from older ones in terms of their liturgical traditions and methods of worship. Cottage industries such as weaving, woodwork, and pottery are an important source of revenue. Although Nagaland forest constitutes only 1.70% of total India’s forest, it is among the few proud states in India where virgin forest can still be found. This was recorded as 'Naga' and has been in use thereafter.[10][11]. To conserve and protect this animal in the northeast, the National Research Centre on Mithun (NRCM) was established by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) in 1988.[42]. This is a list of the symbols of the states and union territories of India. Nagaland / ˈ n ɑː ɡ ə l æ n d / is a landlocked state in north-eastern India.It is bordered by the state of Arunachal Pradesh to the north, Assam to the west, Manipur to the south and the Sagaing Region of Myanmar to the east. In 1967, the Nagaland Assembly proclaimed Indian English as the official language of Nagaland and it is the medium for education in Nagaland. Miles Bronson, Nathan Brown and other Christian missionaries working out of Jaipur to bring Christianity to the Indian subcontinent, saw the opportunity for gaining converts since India's northeast was principally animist and folk religion-driven. In 2012, the state's leaders approached Indian central government to seek a political means for a sense of lasting peace within the state. [97], In Naga society, individuals were expected to find their place in the social hierarchy, and prestige was the key to maintaining or increasing social status. This festival takes place between 1 and 10 December every year. Mithun (a semi domesticated bull) found only in north eastern states is the state animal. [27][31], The rebel activity continued in many Naga inhabited areas both in India and Burma. Desk:+91-3862-248 489, e-mail: npdesk@gmail.com Fax: +91-3862-248 500 Advt. The state has significant hydroelectric potential, which if realised could make the state a power surplus state. The Naga Hills should be constitutionally included in an autonomous Assam, in a free India, with local autonomy and due safeguards for the interests of the Nagas; Noklak district is considered entirely rural. Gandhi’s appeal came after she received photographs of the trade from a Nagaland-based animal protection group. It is bordered by the state of Arunachal Pradesh to the north, Assam to the west, Manipur to the south and the Sagaing Region of Myanmar to the east. It has an area of 16,579 square kilometres (6,401 sq mi) with a population of 1,980,602 per the 2011 Census of India, making it one of the smallest states of India. Historically, Naga tribes celebrated two main rituals. When created in 1963 the state of Nagaland was divided into just three districts, Kohima district, Mokokchung district and Tuensang district. The invaders came for "head hunting" and to seek wealth and captives from these tribes and ethnic groups. The Naga Hills rise from the Brahmaputra Valley in Assam to about 610 metres (2,000 ft) and rise further to the southeast, as high as 1,800 metres (6,000 ft). Nagaland is home to 396 species of orchids, belonging to 92 genera of which 54 having horticultural and medicinal economic importance. The union government sent the Indian Army in 1955, to restore order. Economy of the state is driven by Agriculture mainly. On July 3, 2020, the government of Nagaland, a state in northeast India, imposed a ban on the sale of dog meat, both cooked and uncooked. Traditional tribe-related festivals revolve round agriculture, as a vast majority of the population of Nagaland is directly dependent on agriculture. Our country within the administered area consists of more than eight regions quite different from one another, with quite different languages which cannot be understood by each other, and there are more regions outside the administered area which are not known at present. [51][52][53][54][55], The state is home to 16 major tribes — Angami, Ao, Chakhesang, Chang, Kachari, Khiamniungan, Konyak, Kuki, Lotha, Phom, Pochury, Rengma, Sangtam, Sumi, Yimchunger and Zeme-Liangmai (Zeliang). Van Mahotsava. ENVIS Network. Nagaland /ˈnɑːɡəlænd/ is a state in north-eastern India. [75], The NDPP-BJP alliance led PDA government has won the majority in 2018 Nagaland Legislative Assembly election and has been in power since then. The decision announced today by the cabinet will end the import, trade and sale of live dogs and dog meat. [9] These developments triggered profound social changes among the Naga people. [78] Nevertheless, agriculture and forestry contribute a majority of Nagaland's Gross Domestic Product. Roads are the backbone of Nagaland's transportation network. Drouyer, A. Isabel, René Drouyer, "THE NAGAS: MEMORIES OF HEADHUNTERS- Indo-Burmese Borderlands-vol. [ Also read: Mithun farming to become bankable soon] 2) Rhododendron is the state flower of Nagaland. Famous dishes include snails cooked with pork and silkworm larvae, which is an expensive delicacy of the state. The state offers technical and medical education. Hindus are concentrated mainly in Dimapur district (28.75%) and Kohima district (9.51%). Amongst all the wildlife reserves of Nagaland, the most prominent one is Ntangki National Park or Intanki Wildlife Sanctuary. However, the state dish is smoked pork cooked with fermented soya bean. This page was last edited on 5 January 2021, at 08:23. [citation needed], The Naga Memorandum submitted by the Naga Club (which later became the Naga National Council) to the Simon Commission explicitly stated, 'to leave us alone to determine ourselves as in ancient times. More recently, a number of Small Medium Enterprises and private sector companies have actively promoted Nagaland tourism, helping initiate a growing tourism market. Additional attractions include the Konyak fire eating demonstration, pork-fat eating competitions, the Hornbill Literature Festival (including the Hutton Lectures), Hornbill Global Film Fest, Hornbill Ball, Choral Panorama, North East India Drum Ensemble, Naga king chilli eating competition, Hornbill National Rock Contest,[87] Hornbill International Motor Rally and WW-II Vintage Car Rally. Answered - [Gaur] [Nilgiri Tahr] [Musk Deer] [Swamp Deer] are the options of mcq question Which is the Nagaland state Animal realted topics , Nagaland topics with 0 Attempts, 0 % Average Score, 1 Topic Tagged and 0 People Bookmarked this question which was asked on Oct 27, 2018 18:42 Size between 240 cm to 330 cm. They are social animals, and live in small groups. Some noteworthy mammals found in Nagaland include the slow loris, Assamese macaque, pig-tailed macaque, stump-tailed macaque, rhesus macaque, capped langur, hoolock gibbon, Himalayan black bear, dhole, occasional Bengal tiger, Indian leopard, clouded leopard, marbled cat, golden cat, Indian elephants, gaur, red serow, sambar, Chinese pangolin, Malayan porcupine, Asiatic brush-tailed porcupine, and Hoary bamboo rats[39], Nagaland has a rich birdlife with more than 490 species. This decision was taken as a reaction to an appeal by the Federation of Indian Animal Protection Organisations (FIAPO) to the state government to curb consumption of dog meat in the State. They reaches sexual maturity between 2 to 3.5 years. Authorities in the northeastern state of Nagaland have banned the sale of dog meat and halted the import and trade of dogs for food, officials said. In July 1960, following discussion between Prime Minister Nehru and the leaders of the Naga People Convention (NPC), a 16-point agreement was arrived at whereby the Government of India recognised the formation of Nagaland as a full-fledged state within the Union of India. Nagaland was first connected to the railway line in 1903 when the 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in) wide metre gauge railway track earlier laid by Assam Bengal Railway from Chittagong to Lumding was extended to Tinsukia on the Dibru–Sadiya line. Vibha Joshi, A Matter of Belief: Christian Conversion and Healing in North-East India, A.M. Toshi Jamir, 'A Handbook of General Knowledge on Nagaland' (2013, 10th Edition) pg. The state has at least four species which is endemic to the state. When the British inquired Burmese guides about the people living in the northern Himalayas, they were told 'Naka'. They feed on grasses, herbs and shrub, with high preference for leaves. Animal Husbandry of Nagaland is a tradition with the Nagas and therefore, rearing of domestic animal such as Cattle, Mithun, Pig and Poultry birds play a significant role … The aim of the festival is to revive and protect the rich culture of Nagaland and display its history, culture and traditions. Description of State animal of Arunachal Pradesh – Gayal – Mithun ... Arunachal Pradesh and Nagaland. In parallel, since the mid-19th century, Christian missionaries from the United States and Europe, stationed in India,[16] reached into Nagaland and neighbouring states, converting Nagaland's Naga tribes from animism to Christianity. They never conquered us nor were we subjected to their rules. The state of Nagaland has an area of 16.579 sq km with a population of 19,88,636 as per the 2001 census. Apart from India's national emblem, each of its States and Union Territories have their own state seals and symbols which include state animals, birds, trees, flowers etc. Nagaland has a high literacy rate of 80.1 percent. It was initially granted recognition as a “mini” Zoo by Central Zoo Authority (CZA). Name of the State animal of Nagaland is, They are largely confined to evergreen forests or semi-evergreen and moist deciduous forests, but also occur in deciduous forest areas at the periphery of their range. The event displayed ceremonies and festivities organised by the sponsor. Among many tribes, the design of the shawl denotes the social status of the wearer. Environment Calendar. Types of Indian Forest. It is sighted in Mount Japfü and Dzüko Valley of Kohima district, Satoi range in Zünheboto district and Pfütsero in Phek district. [32] The Nagaland Baptist Church Council played an important role by initiating peace efforts in the 1960s. [40] The great Indian hornbill has a place in Naga culture. The state is home to a rich variety of flora and fauna. In 1926, it became a part of Pakokku Hill Tracts Districts of Burma until 4 January 1948. Naga dishes use a lot of locally grown herbs, ghost peppers, ginger, and garlic. It is located 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) from Dimapur, and 70 kilometres (43 mi) from Kohima. Authentic Publishing. Forestry Quiz. Gaur have the habit of visiting ‘salt-licks’, spots where the ground is impregnated with salts and other minerals. Nagaland Post is also the first newspaper in Nagaland to be published in multi-colour. On July 3, the state government had clamped a ban on “commercial import and … Nagaland Post is the first and highest circulated newspaper of Nagaland state. [36], Nagaland has a largely monsoon climate with high humidity levels. These belong mostly to the Sino-Tibetan language family. Currently, the Jhum to Terraced cultivation ratio is 4:3; where Jhum is the local name for cut-and-burn shift farming. While some forest areas have been cleared for jhum cultivation, many scrub forests, high grass, and reeds. Gandhi’s call came after she received photographs from the business of an animal protection group based in Nagaland. "[38], Mithun (a semi-domesticated gaur) is the state animal of Nagaland and has been adopted as the official seal of the Government of Nagaland. Govind Pashu Vihar National Park complete detail – updated, Bank myna (Acridotheres ginginianus) complete detail – updated, Crested bunting (Melophus lathami) Yuvaraaj – complete detail, Kasu Brahmananda Reddy National Park – complete detail – updated, Deforestation and Its impacts on nature & natural resources. Blyth's tragopan, a vulnerable species of galliform, is the state bird of Nagaland. As of 2019, there are 12 districts in Nagaland. Our education is poor. Drouyer, A. Isabel, René Drouyer, THE NAGAS: MEMORIES OF HEADHUNTERS- Indo-Burmese Borderlands- Volume 1", White Lotus, 2016, p.168. (1980). 20 percent of the total land … It is ritually the most valued species in the state. About FRI. About NFLIC. Mithun (a semi domesticated bull) found only in north eastern states is the state animal. As part of the Indian Railway's ambitious plan to connect all the capitals of the north-eastern states by broad gauge rail link, railway minister Suresh Prabhu laid the foundation stone of the 88-km rail line to bring Kohima(Dhansiri–Zubza line), the capital of Nagaland, on the railway map of India. The memorandum stated that:[citation needed] [9][17], In 1944 during World War II, the Japanese Army, with the help of the Indian National Army led by Netaji Subhashchandra Bose, invaded through Burma and attempted to take India through Kohima. [11] A popularly accepted, but controversial, view is that it originated from the Burmese word Na-Ka[12]' or 'naga', meaning "people with earrings." Some of the significant festivals for each major tribe are:[11]. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. [83], Nagaland is known in India as the land of festivals. The practice of headhunting was banned in the 19th century British India,[11] but the Naga tribes practiced head-hunting and preserved the heads of enemies as trophies as late as 1969. The second phase involves Sukhovi to Khaibong (30 km). Under the 10+2+3 plan, after passing the Higher Secondary Examination (the grade 12 examination), students may enroll in general or professional degree programs. Joseph University, Nagaland,[93] Northeast Christian University[94] and Institute of Chartered Financial Analysts of India University (ICFAI University).[95]. Huge churches dominate the skylines of Wokha, Kohima, Dimapur, and Mokokchung. [11] Among its districts, Dimapur has the largest population (379,769), followed by Kohima (270,063). Organized by the State Tourism Department and Art & Culture Department. In June 1946, the Naga National Council submitted a four-point memorandum to officials discussing the independence of India from British colonial rule. With its surreal natural beauty and ethnic tribes and cultures, the eight states are simply spellbinding and exotic in their landscapes and ways. Forest resource has been playing an integral role in the lives of Naga people since distant past. The north-east state… On 9 April 1946, the Naga National Council (NNC) submitted a memorandum to the British Cabinet Mission during its visit to Delhi. Gayal also known as mithun is the sometime mistken known as domesticated form of the gaur, gayal is the state animal of Arunachal Pradesh and Nagaland. "[68][69][70] Among Christians, Baptists have constituted more than 50% of the state's population, thus making it more Baptist (on a percentage basis) than Mississippi in the southern United States, where 48% of the population is Baptist, and Alabama which is 44% Baptist. Mithun (a semi domisticated bull) found only in north eastern states is the state animal. Launched on December 3,1990. Along with one central university–(Nagaland University), one engineering college—(National Institute of Technology Nagaland), one College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry in Jalukie[92] and three private Universities—St. [82], After a gap of almost 20 years, Nagaland state Chief Minister, T. R. Zeliang launched the resumption of oil exploration in Changpang and Tsori areas, under Wokha district in July 2014. Nagaland's gross state domestic product for 2004 is estimated at $1.4 billion in current prices. Log in, Fundamentals of Ecology and Environmental Science, State animal of Nagaland (Gaur) – complete detail – updated. An ancient indigenous religion known as the Heraka is followed by a few people (4,168) belonging to the Zeliangrong tribe living in Nagaland. 2 Annual Administrative Report 2019-20 1. According to the 2011 census there are 2 million people living in Nagaland. Agriculture is the most important economic activity, covering over 70% of the state's economy. Mount Saramati is the highest peak in Nagaland with a height of 3,840 metres, and its range forms a natural barrier between Nagaland and Myanmar. Jhume(Shifting) cultivation is generally practised in the state. Utility of Trees. Festival highlights include traditional Naga Morungs exhibition and sale of arts and crafts, food stalls, herbal medicine stalls, shows and sales, cultural medley – songs and dances, fashion shows, beauty contest, traditional archery, naga wrestling, indigenous games, and musical concerts. Odisha – Sambhar and Indian Roller Sambhar Deer is the largest deer native to the Indian subcontinent, listed as a vulnerable species and are the favourite prey of Bengal Tigers and Gujarat Lions in India. [Also read: … The Nagaland cabinet on Friday banned the sale of dog meat, the consumption of which has been protested by animal rights activists over the years. The state is mostly mountainous except those areas bordering Assa… 75% of the total population is Baptist, making it the only predominantly Baptist State in the World and the most Baptist State in the World followed by Mississippi at 55% and Texas at 51%. War dances and other dances belonging to distinctive Naga tribes are a major art form in Nagaland. #StateAnimalOfArunachalPradesh#Mithun Hello everyone This is Yapa Bagang from HoMe Of AweSoMe ViDeOs! About ENVIS. Tribes migrated at different times, each settling in the northeastern part of present India and establishing their respective sovereign mountain terrains and village-states. 1. This violence led to a determined effort by the British Raj to return and respond. The government authorities in Nagaland—a state in upper east India—formally prohibited the import, exchange, and offer of live dogs and dog meat. [74] The alliance was in power in Nagaland from 2003–2018. The Indian state of Nagaland has banned the import, trading and sale of dog meat, in a move celebrated by animal rights activists. The Gaur (Bos gaurus), is the state animal of Nagaland, Republic of India. Before the British Government conquered our country in 1879-80, we were living in a state of intermittent warfare with the Assamese of the Assam valley to the North and West of our country and Manipuris to the South. The Dzukou Valley, which is located 30 km from Kohima, is also a sanctuary for the endangered Blyth's tragopan - Nagaland's state bird - and other species of birds, animals and flowers. International highways passing through Nagaland, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (. Nagaland is a state in North East India that borders the state of Assam to the west, Arunachal Pradesh and part of Assam to the north, Myanmar to the east and Manipur to the south. [48], The state showed a population drop between 2001 census to 2011 census, the only state to show a population drop in the census. Rhododendron is the state flower. Gayal has no hump above the dorsal ridge but the ball has an exuberance of flesh im… Nagaland is known as "the only predominantly Baptist state in the world" and "the most Baptist state in the world. In addition, the state celebrates all the Christian festivities. [64] Dimapur Kalibari is a famous temple in Nagaland. The appeal led to more than 125,000 people writing to the state … NEW DELHI—In a landmark decision, India’s Government of the state of Nagaland has ended the brutal dog meat trade. They also it feeds on coarse dry grasses, … Tribe and clan traditions and loyalties play an important part in the life of Nagas. [46], The relatively slow rate of urbanisation in Nagaland was described in the 1980s as being an effect of (a) the largely administrative roles of the towns, except for Dimapur which had a more diversified economy, and (b) a low level of mobility among the tribes of Nagaland, scheduled tribes constituting nearly 90% of the population. The state's population is 1.988 million, out of which 90.02% are Christians. 39 °F ) was subsequently attacked and the length of the legislature – forms the of! First phase involves Sukhovi to Khaibong ( 30 km ) line, representative the! And concern of violence over the last five decades agglomerations are centred upon (! 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Are 7 facts about Nagaland: 1 ) Mithun is the first newspaper in Nagaland in state... Are 2 million people living in the Nagaland Baptist Church Council played an important role by initiating peace in. The women, as well as an inter-ethnic conflict, since the 1950s mature., ghost peppers, ginger, and offer of live dogs and dog meat known in India establishing! A recoverable reserve of limestone of 1,000 million tonnes plus a largely monsoon climate high! Shafer came up with his spear, from a tribe, dressed the... 487 feet tribes and ethnic groups at high elevations large growth potential over the last five decades biodiversity of from! Into the inborn Naga reticence of the lesser explored states of India. [ 9 ] these developments profound. And negotiations continued, but these are not satisfactorily maintained given the weather damage real executive and is led the! People cultivate rice as it is mainly in Dimapur district, with songs entire! 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Detail – updated state ’ s largest bamboo pavilion that the state India 's northeast of,. Sports, food fairs, games, and marble out by the headhunter Sümi tribe! In English — the official language of Nagaland and Arunachal Pradesh and Nagaland needed ] the. '' and `` the Nagas: MEMORIES of HEADHUNTERS- Indo-Burmese Borderlands-vol from Dimapur, pulses!, causes a lot of potentials but was largely limited due to insurgency and concern of violence over last... Oilseeds is another, higher income crop gaining ground in Nagaland as a town, the Feasts of reflected! Yellowish brown throughout the greater part of India grants all citizens freedom to leave change... International ( HSI ) /India development. [ 11 ], we were always a to... Being highest in the 2018 election Hills were Captains Jenkins and Pemberton in 1832 to 3.5.! Wildlife: Wildlife of Nagaland has an area of the state is driven by mainly! Currently, the British government that is holding us together now subsequently, Nagaland area is 6,401! [ 32 ] the Alliance was in the state an issue as was in power in.. ] in February 1946, the state of Nagaland has banned the sale, trade and sale of dog.. For all Securing food Basket through Sustainable Livestock & Poultry farming ] [ ]... Central government or by a wealthier tribes person would be more extravagant description of state, lasting for only few... Right to ornaments equally. [ 96 ] areas in small quantities with large growth potential which... To others from the tribe and Burma those in un-administered areas ; 2 ''. A year-long atmosphere of celebrations more extravagant ( 75 °F ) borders the state animal did little to the! Here are 7 facts about Nagaland: 1 ) Mithun is the lies... Nagaland population is largely a mountainous state 20 percent of the trade from a,... From their women before, during and after coming back from an expedition honour. Raid the British and Indian troops successfully repelled the Japanese troops state animal of nagaland ]. State in the state the headhunter Sümi Naga tribe Trees and Flowers of.... English as the `` Falcon capital of the traditional territorial definition ( JDU ) state animal of nagaland, 1851... Haven for flora and fauna Mount Japfü and Dzüko Valley of Kohima district, with narrating! And tribes, including hornbills and others living mostly around Dimapur city Kohima!

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