Wifredo Lam died on September 11, 1982, in Paris, aged 79. "Lam Paintings." In the Villa Air Bel, a meeting place for creativity and experimentation, Lam worked and produced, most notably, a series of ink drawings that set the tone for what would become his signature style of hybrid figures, a vocabulary he would develop more fully during his years in Cuba from 1941 to 1947. Cuban artists embraced European modernism and the early part of the 20th century saw a growth in the Cuban Vanguardism movements, which were characterized by a mixture of modern artistic genres. [5] The somber palette suggests a hidden moonlit scene, perhaps a reference to the secret practice of African religions among enslaved peoples.[13]. There he met Helena Holzer, a German researcher, and the Catalan artist known as Manolo Hugué. A new record was established on June 28, 2020 when Sotheby's auctioned Lam's "Omi Obini" for $9,603,800. He also joined post-war movements such as “Phases” and the Situationist movement. Wifredo Lam (Sagua la Grande, 1902 - París, 1982) Pintor cubano. Tous droits réservés, « Graham Foundation for Advanced Study in Fine Art Â». Yokohama Museum of Art, Yokohama, October 2002–January 2003. "Wifredo Lam," Musée national d'Art Moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, September 30, 2015–February 15, 2016; Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofia, Madrid, April 5-August 15, 2016; Tate Modern, London, September 14, 2016–January 8, 2017. How to Read Paintings: The Long Engagement by Arthur Hughes. Museo Nacional Centreo de Arte Reina Sofia, Madrid, September 29–December 14, 1992; Fundacio Miró, Barcelona, January, 21–March 21, 1993. What really broadened my painting is the presence of African poetry.”. This contact with Afro-Cuban culture brought new impetus to his art. But there are a few facts that you should know about pottery clay, and in this, we’ll discuss some of the 10 must-know facts about your pottery clay, and some different parts about it. He left for Madrid, Spain in the autumn of 1923 to further his art studies. The imagery of the tropics is also suggested with the densely packed cane stalks and palm leaves that merge with the figures, mirroring cosmological concepts from Afro-Cuban religions where deities that inhabit elements in nature. Shortly before the Germans arrived, Lam left Paris for Bordeaux and then Marseille, where many of his friends, for the most part surrealists, had gathered around André Breton in the Villa Air Bel: Pierre Mabille, René Char, Max Ernst, Victor Brauner, Oscar Domínguez, André Masson, Benjamin Péret. Lehigh University Art Galleries, Zoellner Arts Center, Bethlehem PA, August 30–December 10, 2017. In this way I could act as a Trojan horse that would spew forth hallucinating figures with the power to surprise, to disturb the dreams of the exploiters."[6]. Fondation Dapper, Paris, September 26, 2001–January 20, 2002. November 13–December 2, 1939. After his divorce with Helena Holzer, in 1952 Lam settled in Paris. November 5–30, 1946. Also excelled in sculpture, ceramics, and printmaking. Aug 28, 2018 - Explore Marada De Ley's board "wilfredo lam" on Pinterest. [8] In 1943, he began his best-known work, The Jungle. He teaches at New York University. [8] While Diego Rivera and Joaquín Torres García drew inspiration from Pre-Columbian art, Lam was influenced by the Afro-Cubans of that time. There he rejoined many intellectuals, including the Surrealists, with whom he had been associated since he met André Breton in 1939. He close friends with many writers and artists, and his work would be celebrated in many exhibitions and retrospectives around the world. From shop MarieArtCollection $ 1,150.00. Wifredo Lam was born in Sagua la Grande, Cuba, on December 8, 1902. He sought to describe the reality of his people through the powerful work and gained acclaim and fame for doing so. Lam found solace in the company of his Spanish friends and made contact with several political organizations. During the 1960s, Lam’s work reflected a growing interest for engraving. [10] This art gallery is responsible for the organization of the Bienal de la Habana, Cuba, a permanent art collection of approx. Find an in-depth biography, exhibitions, original artworks for … Lam’s distinctive style and exploration of Afro-Cuban visual culture, alongside his knowledge of European modernism, made a hug… Wifredo Lam was born and raised in Sagua La Grande, a village in the sugar farming province of Villa Clara, Cuba. October 2–15, 1950. "Wifredo Lam." He was of mixed-race ancestry: his mother, the former Ana Serafina Castilla, was born to a Congolese former slave mother and a Cuban mulatto father and his father, Yam Lam, was a Chinese immigrant. In Madrid, he was exposed to the ideas and movements of modern art. Through his godmother, Matonica Wilson, a Santería priestess locally celebrated as a healer and sorceress, he was exposed to rites of the African orishas. Cuban artist of Asian ancestry who was best known for his 1943 work "The Jungle." In 1923, the municipality of Sagua la Grande awarded him a grant to study in Europe and by the autumn of that year, at the age of twenty-one, he left the country for Spain. [7] Picasso and Lam also exhibited their work together at the Perls Galleries in New York in the same year. However, he disliked both academic teaching and painting. In 1946, Lam and Helena travel to Haiti and attend voodoo ceremonies in the company of Pierre Mabille and André Breton. In 1923, Lam began studying in Madrid under Fernando Álvarez de Sotomayor y Zaragoza, the curator of the Museo del Prado and teacher of Salvador Dalí. [10][11], In 2015 a retrospective exhibition of his works opened at the Centre Georges Pompidou in Paris, set to travel to the Reina Sofia Museum in Spain and the Tate Museum in London afterwards. The luxuriant nature of Sagua la Grande had a strong impact on Lam from early childhood. See more ideas about Cuban art, Caribbean art, Artist. In his trip to Mexico in the same year, Lam stayed with Frida Kahlo and Diego Rivera. A los catorce años se instaló con parte de su familia a La Habana, donde cursaría estudios de Bellas Artes, y ya entre 1920 y 1923 participó en el salón de la Asociación de Pintores y Escultores de La Habana. 1629 askART artist summary of Wifredo Oscar de la Concepcion Lam. Favorite Add to 1967 WIFREDO LAM Certified Original Signed Gouache Painting COA Limited Time Offer Half Price ! Wifredo Lam is a member of famous Sculptor list. ... How Wifredo Lam Became Cuban. Wifredo Oscar de la Concepcion Lam (1902 - 1982) was active/lived in Cuba, France, Europe. With the outbreak of World War II and the invasion of Paris by the Germans, Lam left for Marseille, France in 1940. He enjoyed the company of numerous artists: Noguchi, Hare, Motherwell, Pollock, Asger Jorn and the dissident surrealist group CoBrA. "The Ey Exhibition: Lam, Eskil, Dolega-Ritter, Dorota, Tonneau-Ryckelynck, Dominique. Expert Cuban school painting authentification services Lam then went on to New York where he renewed contact with Marcel Duchamp and made new acquaintances: Jeanne Reynal, James Johnson Sweeney, Arshile Gorky, John Cage, Roger Wilcox, Mercedes Matter, Ian Hugo, Jesse Fernández, John Cage, Sonia Sekula and Yves Tanguy. It is surprising that art critics and historians have not seen Wifredo Lam as the first artist to offer a vision from the African element in the Americas in the history of gallery art. was established in 1996, in Los Angeles, California, to promote superior Mexican Art and Cuban Art by established Latin American artists and Latin masters. In 1916, Lam and part of his family settled in Havana. Though he was predominantly a painter, he also worked with sculpture, ceramics and printmaking in his later life. The Jungle was not, however, intended to describe the primitivism of Cuba. "Review: Multiculturalism in the Americas. The London Gallery, London. On December 6, 2017, Sotheby's sold Lam's A Trois Centimetres de la Terre (1962) for €4.44m ($5.24m), which established a new record price for the painter. [5] Throughout Lam's travels through the Spanish countryside, he developed empathy for the Spanish peasants, whose troubles in some ways mirrored those of the former slaves he grew up around in Cuba. His sister Eloisa, whom he was closest to, explained to him in much detail the workings of Afro-Cuban rituals and he began attending ritual ceremonies with some of his friends. He studied the great masters of Spanish painting, Velázquez and Goya, but felt particularly drawn to the works of Bosch and Bruegel the Elder. This page was last edited on 7 January 2021, at 08:00. Additionally, the iridescent quality of the forms enhances the painting's tropical feeling. The work was sold as part of the Alain and Candice Fraiberger collection. Lam, like many of the most renowned artists of the 20th century, combined radical modern styles with the "primitive" arts of the Americas. Galerie Pierre, Paris. African poetry, on the other hand, was said to have had a broadening effect on his paintings. Drafted to defend Madrid, Lam was incapacitated during the fighting in late 1937 and was sent to Barcelona. [6] At the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War, he sided with the Republicans and used his talent to fashion Republican posters and propaganda. [2] His contact with African celebrations and spiritual practices proved to be his largest artistic influence. [1] In Sagua La Grande, Lam was surrounded by many people of African descent; his family, like many others, practiced Catholicism alongside their African traditions. One night in 1907, he was startled by the strange shadows cast on the wall of his bedroom of a bat in flight. Representing over 50 Latin American artists working in a variety of mediums, our catalog is made up of works from Mexico, Cuba and throughout Latin America. Opened in 1983, the Wifredo Lam Center for Contemporary Art (in Spanish: Centro de Arte Contemporáneo Wifredo Lam) is a state-run gallery in tribute to Lam and located in Havana, Cuba. Lam was born to a Chinese immigrant father and a mother of African and Spanish descent. From the personal collection of Juan Castillo Vázquez, Havana, Cuba." Similarly, in 1965, six years after the revolution, he showed his loyalty to Castro and his goals of social and economic equality by painting El Tercer Mundo (The Third World) for the presidential palace. Though the drawings he created in Marseille between 1940 and 1941 are known as the Fata Morgana suite, only about three inspired the illustrations for the poem. "Wifredo Lam." In 1929, he married Eva Piriz, but both she and their young son died in 1931 of tuberculosis; it is likely that this personal tragedy contributed to the dark nature of his work. Discover the real story, facts, and details of Wifredo Lam. "Wifredo Lam 1902–1982: Voyages entre caraïbes et avant-gardes," Musée des Beaux-Arts de Nantes, France, May 6–August 29, 2010. [4], During the 1930s, Lam was exposed to a variety of influences. See more ideas about cuban art, artist, figurative artists. For that reason, his work does not belong to any particular art movement.[1]. Additionally, his time in Cuba marked a rapid evolution of his style. Yusef Komunyakaa’s Everyday Mojo Songs of Earth: New & Selected Poems is forthcoming from Farrar, Straus, and Giroux. "Wifredo Lam." 39/262, belonging to a total circulation of: - n. 262 copies (numbered from I to 262); - n. 50 copies on Japon paper; - n. 10 artist proofs. Collaborating with poets and writers, he undertook several important projects in printmaking: large format portfolios, pulled and published in the print studios of Broder, Mathieu and Upiglio, most notably: La terre inquiète by Édouard Glissant (1955), Le voyage de l’arbre by Hubert Juin (1960), Le rempart de brindilles by René Char (1963), Apostroph’Apocalypse by Gherasim Luca (1965), L’Antichambre de la Nature by Alain Jouffroy (1966), Annonciation by Aimé Césaire (1969). "Wifredo Lam: A Retrospective of Works on Paper.". Throughout the 1950s, while maintaining close contact with Cuban art circles, Lam became increasingly involved with European artistic currents, developing close ties with CoBrA artists and the Italian avant-garde. He progressed to model sculptures and cast in metal in his twilight years, often depicting personages similar to those he had painted. A major early 20th-century painter, Wifredo Lam fused elements of Cubism and Surrealism with African culture in paintings that were exhibited alongside those of Pablo Picasso and other Cubists and Fauvists. The influence of Surrealism was discernible in his work, as well as that of Henri Matisse. Lam's interest in African-derived spirituality and mythology was further reinforced by a visit to Haiti in 1945 in which he witnessed a voodoo ceremony and found similarities in worship and a belief system among Afro-Cubans in his own country. "Homenaje a Wifredo Lam 1902–1982." It was during this forced passage in Martinique and before leaving for Cuba that Lam and Aimé Césaire met for the first time to become life-long friends. In January and February 1941, Lam illustrated Breton’s poem Fata Morgana which was censored by the Vichy government. [4] The dense composition creates a claustrophobic feeling while the forms remain difficult to differentiate. [6] The Jungle was ultimately purchased by the Museum of Modern Art in New York. "Drawings by Picasso and Gouaches by Wifredo Lam." Wifredo Lam, Catalogue raisonné of the painted works, Volume I, 1923-1960, Cuban painter, African and Caribbean symbols, modern art, MarieArtCollection. "Lam Paintings." His meeting with the master engraver Giorgio Upiglio at his studio Grafica Uno in Milan inaugurated a period of intense creativity that would last all the way up to Lam’s death in 1982. Parque Central, Havana. Musée Campredon, Maison René Char, L'Isle sur la Sorgue, France, July 7–October 2, 2005. [1], While Lam began simplifying his forms before he came into contact with Picasso's work, it is apparent that Picasso had a significant impact on him. Pierre Matisse Gallery, New York. Education and financial independence of women in Cuba was promoted by the Revolution which helped women to attain thriving careers in agriculture, industry, and service related occupations. This merging of human, animal, and plant forms is described as magical metamorphosis. Nov 14, 2018 - Wifredo Lam(1902-1982) Cuban artist of Chinese and black heritage. Libros de Pintura Cubana, Wifredo Lam, London International Surrealist Exhibition, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Wifredo_Lam&oldid=998844454, Articles needing additional references from December 2019, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing traditional Chinese-language text, Articles that may contain original research from September 2020, All articles that may contain original research, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with KULTURNAV identifiers, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with RKDartists identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Catherine David (ed. Museo de Bellas Artes, Caracas, May 8–22, 1955. Wifredo Lam was born and raised in Sagua La Grande, a village in the sugar farming province of Villa Clara, Cuba. In an interview with Max-Pol Fouchet, he said: "I wanted with all my heart to paint the drama of my country, but by thoroughly expressing the negro spirit, the beauty of the plastic art of the blacks. Through his godmother, Matonic… On March 25, Lam and Helena Holzer embarked on the “Capitaine Paul Lemerle” headed for Martinique, in the company of some 300 other artists and intellectuals―André Breton and Claude Lévi-Strauss among them. With regard to Picasso's exhibition, Lam said that it was "not only a revelation, but… a shock. Wifredo Óscar de la Concepción Lam y Castilla (December 8, 1902-September 11, 1982) was a major 20th century painter who fused elements of Cubism and Surrealism with African culture in paintings, which were exhibited in his lifetime alongside those of Pablo Picasso and other Cubists and Fauvists. 2016. He discovered surprising correlations between western art and so called “primitive” art. At the intersection of various 20th-century avant-gardes stands the enigmatic figure of Wifredo Lam, a dapper Cuban artist whose startlingly original works are being exhibited this autumn in … The polymorphism, for which Lam is well known, juxtaposes aspects of humans, animals, and plants, creating monstrous, hybrid creatures. [6] In 1950, he worked with René Portocarrero and others; in the village of Santiago de Las Vegas, the group of painters worked on ceramic. At the encouragement of Asger Jorn and after being intrigued by the local pottery-making, Lam began to experiment with ceramics and had his first ceramic exhibition in 1975. The terrible suffering he endured led to numerous paintings of mother and child. Oct 7, 2016 - Explore Hana Gorman's board "Artist: Wifredo Lam", followed by 302 people on Pinterest. Wifredo Lam, (born Dec. 8, 1902, Sagua la Grande, Cuba—died Sept. 11, 1982, Paris, France), Cuban painter known for his synthesis of Modernist aesthetics and Afro-Cuban imagery. Inspired by and in contact with some of the most renowned artists of the 20th century, including Pablo Picasso, Henri Matisse, Frida Kahlo and Diego Rivera, Lam melded his influences and created a unique style, which was ultimately characterized by the prominence of hybrid figures. After forty days, Lam was released and allowed to leave for Cuba, which he reached in midsummer 1941. [3] From 1918 to 1923, Lam studied painting at the Escuela de Bellas Artes. From 1947, Lam’s style began to show new developments: a pronounced presence of esoteric elements and a coupling of the influence of Oceanic art with that of African art. He traveled to Italy, to Albissola, on the initiative of Asger Jorn and Édouard Jaguer who had organized an international meeting of sculpture and ceramics which included as participants: Appel, Baj, Corneille, Dangelo, Fontana, Scanavino and Matta. From 1964, Lam divided his time between Paris and Albissola Mare, in Italy, where he set up a painting studio in his new house. Lam, who continued to sympathize with the common man, exhibited a series of paintings at Havana University in 1955 to demonstrate his support for the students' protests against Batista's dictatorship. Perls Gallery, New York. In 1946, he and Breton spent four months in Haiti. Later that year it was shown in an exhibition at the Pierre Matisse Gallery in New York, where it created controversy. December 12–31, 1945. Wifredo Lam et Pablo Picasso, Vallauris, 1954, Copyright © 2011 - 2018 SDO Wifredo LAM. The violence of the struggle inspired his painting La Guerra Civil. "Wifredo Lam Peintures." He wins the Grand Prix of the Havana Salon and, in 1958, is named a member of the « Graham Foundation for Advanced Study in Fine Art Â» in Chicago and received numerous awards, most notably the « Guggenheim International Award Â» in 1964. [1] His style was also distinctive because of its fusion of Surrealist and Cubist approaches with imagery and symbols from Santería. Between 1918 and 1923, Lam studied painting at the Escuela de Bellas Artes, but preferred painting outdoors to the traditional academic setting. Wifredo Lam was born in Sagua la Grande, Cuba, on December 8, 1902. His work was primarily influenced by Cubism and Picasso. He quickly gained the support of Picasso, who introduced him to many of the leading artists of the time, such as Fernand Léger, Henri Matisse, Georges Braque and Joan Miró. Over the next few years, a number of exhibitions followed in the United States, at the Institute of Modern Art of Boston, at the MoMA of New York, at the Galerie Pierre Matisse, where La Jungla was presented and created a scandal. November 17–December 5, 1942. Signed on the left and numbered on the bottom right. Find more prominent pieces of figurative at Wikiart.org – best visual art database. Some of the more celebrated 20th-century Cuban artists include Amelia Peláez (… June 30 – July 14, 1939. London, Tate Modern Gallery (September 14, 2016–January 8, 2017). Christopher P Jones in Thinksheet. Shortly before leaving, he met Helena Holzer, who would become his wife in 1944. At the Prado, he discovered and was awed by the work of Hieronymus Bosch and Pieter Bruegel I. 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